BÀI TẬP MỆNH ĐỀ QUAN HỆ

Exercise 1: Fill in the blanks with Relative pronouns or Relative adverbs, Put commas wheel they are needed.

  1. Alexander Flemming ______     discovered penicillin received the Nobel Prize in 1945.
  2. The book ______  I need can’t be found in the library.
  3. Here is the beach ______ is the safest for swimmers.
  4. Do you know the American woman ______  name is Margaret Mitchell?
  5. Jim ______  I have known for ten years is one of my closest friends.
  6. John found a cat ______  leg was broken.
  7. Don’t sit on the chair the leg ______  is broken.
  8. This tree ______    branches are dry should be cut down.
  9. The child smiled at the woman ______ he didn’t know.
  10. That woman ______  name I don’t remember is a doctor.
  11. Children enjoy reading the books ______ have coloured pictures.
  12. I met someone ______   said he knew you.
  13. The noise ______  he made woke everybody up.
  14. The film is about a spy ______  wife betrays him.
  15. Those girls serve in the restaurant  ______are the owner’s daughters.
  16. The house ______  walls and roof are made of glass is a green house.
  17. Rod Lee ______   sister I know is a film actor.
  18. Mr Bake will buy the house ______    is opposite to my house.
  19. You have to take care of the books ______   you borrowed from the library.
  20. Karl Marx ______  theories have changed the world’s history is the German Philosopher.
  21. Let me see all the letters ______ you have written.
  22. Is there anyone   ______  can help me do this?
  23. Mr Brown ______  is only 34 is the director of this company.
  24. The chief of Police,______ work is very important, takes care of the public safety.
  25. I know a place ______    roses grow in abundance.
  26. The teacher with ______  we studied last year no longer teaches in our school.
  27. They showed me the hospital ______  buildings had been destroyed by bombings.
  28. We saw many soldiers and tanks ______were moving to the front.
  29. We must find a time ______ we can meet and a place we can talk.
  30. The decision was postponed, ______  was exactly what he wanted.

Exercise 2: Use a Relative pronoun to combine each pair of the sentences below.

  1. You sent me a present. Thank you very much for it.
  2. Romeo and Juliet were lovers. Their parents hated each other.
  3. This is Mrs Jones. Her son won the championship last year.
  4. I was sitting in a chair. It suddenly collapsed.
  5. This is the story of a man. His wife suddenly loses her memory.
  6. Charlie Chaplin died in 1977. His films amused millions of people in the world.
  7. Please post these letters. I wrote them this morning.
  8. The building is the church. Its tower can be seen from afar.
  9. Mary and Margaret are twins. You meet them yesterday.
  10. I’ll introduce you to the man. His support is necessary for your project.
  11.   The students will surely be successful in their exams. The students study seriously and methodically.
  12. Mary has won an Oscar. I know her sister.
  13. Is this the style of hair? Your wife wanted to have it.
  14.   Shakespeare was born at Stratford on Avon, a small town in England. He is the world’s greatest dramatist and poet.
  15. His girl friend turned out to be an enemy spy. He trusted her absolutely.
  16. A man brought in a small girl. Her hand had been cut.
  17. The Smiths were given room in the hotel. Their house had been destroyed in the explosion.
  18. He introduced me to his students. Most of them were from abroad.
  19. They gave me four very bad tyres. One of them burst before I had driven four miles.
  20. A man answered the phone. He said Tom was out.

Exercise 3: Use a Relative pronoun preceded by a preposition to each pair of the sentences below.

  1. The teacher is Mr Pike. We studied with him last year.
  2. The problem has been discussed in class. We are very interested in it.
  3. Many diseases are no longer dangerous. People died of them years ago.
  4. Do you see my pen? I have just written the lesson with it.
  5. I like standing at the window. I can see the park from this window.
  6. We are crossing the meadow. We flew kites over it in our childhood.
  7. They are repairing the tubes. Water is brought into our house through the tubes.
  8. In the middle of the village there is a well. The villagers take water from this well to drink.
  9. The middle-aged man is the director. My father is talking to him.
  10. This is a race opportunity. You should take advantage of it to get a better job.
  11. The boy is my cousin. You made fun of him.
  12. This matter is of great importance. You should pay attention to it.
  13. The woman lives next door to me. You gave place to her on the bus.
  14. This snake is venomless. You are afraid of it.
  15. The examination lasted two days. I was successful in this examination.
  16. These children are orphans. She is taking care of these children.
  17. The two young men are not good persons. You are acquainted with them.
  18. This is the result of our work. I’m pleased with it.
  19. There is a “No Parking” sign. I do not take notice of it.
  20. Mr Brown is the man. I’m responsible to him for my work.

Exercise 4: Use a Relative Adverb to combine each pair of the sentences below.

  1. This is the house. We often stay in this house in the summer.
  2. That was the time. He managed the enterprise at that time.
  3. I’ll show you the second-hand bookshop. You can find valuable books in this shop.
  4. I never forget the park. We met each other for the first time at this park.
  5. The police want to know the hotel Mr Bush stayed at this hotel two weeks ago.
  6. The reasons are basic grammatical ones. I’m scolded by the teacher for these reasons.
  7. She doesn’t want to speak to the cause. She divorced her husband for this cause.
  8. The road is shaded with trees. I go to school on this road every day.
  9. I have not decided the day. I’ll go to London on that day.
  10. He doesn’t want to sell the house. He was born in this house.
  11. The airport is the most modern one. We are going to arrive at this airport.
  12. He was born on the day. His father was away on that day.
  13. The days were the saddest ones. I lived far from home on those days.
  14. I do not know the reason. She left school for it.
  15. The bed has no mattress. I sleep on this bed.
  16. Our school has a good laboratory. The students practise chemistry in the laboratory.
  17. You didn’t tell us the reason. We had to cut down our daily expenses for that reason.
  18. The book is a telephone directory. We can look up telephone numbers in this book.
  19. Mrs Brown rang Dr Brown. He was going to carry out an urgent operation at that moment.
  20. This is the house. We have lived there for 5 years.

Exercise 5: Use a Relative pronoun or Relative adverb to combine each pair of sentences below.

  1. The student is from China. He sits next to me.
  2. I thanked the woman. This woman had helped me.
  3. The professor is excellent. I’m taking his course.
  4. Jim passed the exam. This surprised everybody.
  5. Mr Smith said he was too busy to speak to me. I had come to see him.
  6. The man is my father. I respect this man most.
  7. The man is my father. I respect his opinions most.
  8. I saw a lot of people and horses. They went to market.
  9. Tom has three sisters. All of them are married.
  10. I recently went back to Paris. It is still as beautiful as a pearl.
  11. I recently went back to Paris. I was born in Paris nearly 50 years ago.
  12. She is the most intelligent woman. I’ve ever met this woman.
  13. This doctor is famous. You visited him yesterday.
  14. Do you know the music? It is being played on the radio.
  15. The police want to know the hotel. Mr Foster stayed there two weeks ago.
  16. You didn’t tell us the reason. We have to cut down our daily expenses for that reason.
  17. The day was rainy. She left on that day.
  18. The reason hasn’t been told yet. The president will come to that city for this reason.
  19. Phuong Thao is a singer. You like her music best.
  20. She couldn’t come to the party. This is a pity.
  21. I’ve sent him two letters. He has received neither of them.
  22. That man is an artist. I don’t remember the man’s name.
  23. The reason is not valid. You gave it yesterday.
  24. We enjoyed the city. We spent our vacation in this city.
  25. One of the elephants had only one tusk. We saw these elephants at the zoo.
  26. I looked at the moon. It was very bright that evening.
  27. My father goes swimming everyday. You met him this morning.
  28. That car belongs to Dr Clark. Its engine is very good.
  29. In the class there are 48 students. The teacher knows only a few of them.
  30. The pupils haven’t done their homework. It is too bad.
  31. We first met in 1945. The revolution took place then.
  32. The girl is happy. She won the race.
  33. The taxi driver is friendly. He took me to the airport.
  34. I liked the composition. You wrote it.
  35. The people were very nice. We visited them yesterday.
  36. The meeting was interesting. I went to it.
  37. The picture was beautiful. She was looking at it.
  38. I apologized the woman. I spilled her coffee.
  39. The professor is excellent. I’m taking her course.
  40. The man called the police. His wallet was stolen.
  41. I have to call the man. I accidentally picked up his umbrella.
  42. The city was beautiful. We spent our vacation there.
  43. That is the restaurant. I’ll meet you there.
  44. The town is small. I grew up there.
  45. I’ll never forget the day. I first met you then.
  46. May is the month. The weather is usually the hottest then.
  47. 7:30 is the time. My plane will arrive then.
  48. Do you remember the year? The First World War ended in that year.
  49. The man is a biologist. His father is a botanist.
  50. I love my parents’ house. I was born in that house.

Exercise 6: Rewrite each of the following sentences in such a way that it means exactly the same as the one printed before it.

  1. The man that we are talking about is a famous scientist.

→ The man about…

  1. The tree that we picked these fruits from is in front of the house.

→ The tree from…

  1. The city that we were born in is very large.

→ The city in…

  1. Do you remember the day? We first met on that day.

→ Do you remember the day on…

  1. The manager has just announced his retirement. We have all depended on him so much.

→ The manager on…

  1. The officer wasn’t very friendly. I spoke to him yesterday.

→ The officer to…

  1. The dog was very frightened. The boys threw stones at it.

→ The dog at…

  1. The road was built in 1980. We are driving on it.

→ The road on…

  1. Did you see the letter? It came yesterday morning.

→ Did you…

  1. This is Rex Hotel, and it is the biggest hotel in the city.

→ This is Rex Hotel, which…

ANSWER:

Exercise 1:

1. …, who discovered penicillin, received   2. That/ which

3. which/ that          4. whose

5,whom I have known for ten years.         6. whose

7. of which      8. …, whose branches are dry,…

9.       10. …, whose name I don’t remember,…

11.which/ that      12. Who/ that

13. which/ that      14. whose

15…., who serve in the restaurant.     16. whose

17…., whose sister I know, is   18. Which/ that

19.which/ that

20…., whose theories have changed the world’s history,…

21. which   22. who/ that

23. …, who is only 34,… 24. …, whose work is very important,…

25. where    26. whom

27. whose   28. that

29. when – where  30. which

  Exercise 2: 

  1. Thank you very much for the present which you sent me.
  2.   Romeo and Juliet were lovers whose parents hated each other.
  3.   This is Mrs. Jones, whose son won the championship last year.
  4.   I was sitting in a chair which suddenly collapsed.
  5.   This is the story of the man whose wife suddenly loses her memory.
  6.   Charlie Chaplin, whose films amused millions of people in the world, died in 1977.
  7.   Please post these letters, which I wrote this morning.
  8.   The building whose tower can be seen from afar is the church.
  9.   Mary and Margaret, whom you met yesterday, are twins.
  10. I’ll introduce you to the man whose support is necessary for your project.
  11. The students who study seriously and methodically will surely be successful in their exams.
  12. Mary, whose sister I know, has won an Oscar.
  13. Is this the style of hair which your wife wanted to have?
  14. Shakespeare, who is the world’s greatest dramatist and poet, was born at Stratford on Avon, a small town in England.
  15. His girl friend, whom he trusted absolutely, turned out to be an enemy spy.
  16. A man brought in a small girl whose hand had been cut.
  17. The Smiths, whose house had been destroyed in the explosion, were given rooms in the hotel.
  18. He introduced me to his students, most of whom were from abroad.
  19. They gave me four very bad tyres, one of which burst before I had driven four miles.
  20. The man who answered the phone said Tom was out.

Exercise 3:

  1. The teacher with whom we studied last year is Mr. Pike.
  2.   The problem in which we are very interested has been discussed in class.
  3.   Many diseases of which people died years ago are no longer dangerous.
  4.   Do you see my pen, with which I have just written my lesson?
  5.   I like standing at the window from which I can see the park.
  6.   We are crossing the meadow over which we flew kites in our childhood.
  7.   They are repairing the tubes through which water is brought into our house.
  8.   In the middle of the village there is the well from which the villagers take water to drink.
  9.   The middle-aged man to whom my father is talking is the director.
  10. This is a rare opportunity of which you should take advantage to get a better job.
  11. The boy of whom you made fun is my cousin.
  12. This matter, to which you should pay attention, is of great importance.
  13. The woman to whom you gave place on the bus lives next door to me.
  14. This snake, of which you are afraid, is venomless.
  15. The examination in which I was successful lasted two days.
  16. These children, of whom she is taking care, are orphans.
  17. The two young men, with whom you are acquainted, are not good persons.
  18. This is the result of our work, with which I’m pleased.
  19. There is a “No Parking” sign of which I do not take notice.
  20. Mr. Brown is the man to whom I’m responsible for my work.

Exercise 4:

  1. This is the house where we often stay in the summer.
  2.   That was the time when he managed the enterprise.
  3.   I’ll show you the second-hand bookshop where you can find valuable books.
  4.   I never forget the park where we met each other for the first time.
  5.   The police want to know the hotel where Mr. Bush stayed two weeks ago.
  6.   The reasons why I’m scolded by the teacher are basic grammatical ones.
  7.   She doesn’t want to speak to the cause why she divorced her husband.
  8.   The road on which/ where I go to school everyday is shaded with trees.
  9.   I have not decided the day when I’ll go to London.
  10. He doesn’t want to sell the house where he was born.
  11. The airport where we are going to arrive is the most modern one.
  12. He was born on the day when his father was away.
  13. The days when I lived far from home were the saddest ones.
  14. I don’t know the reason why she left school.
  15. The bed where I sleep has no mattress.
  16. Our school has a good laboratory where the students practise chemistry.
  17. You didn’t tell us the reason why we had to cut down our daily expenses.
  18. The book where we can look up telephone numbers is a telephone directory.
  19. Mrs. Brown rang Dr. Brown when he was going to carry out an urgent operation.
  20. This is the house where we have lived for 5 years.

Exercise 5:

  1. The student who sits next to me is from China.
  2.   I thanked the woman who had helped me.
  3.   The professor whose course I’m taking is excellent.
  4.   Jim passed the exam, which surprised everybody.
  5.   Mr. Smith whom I had come to see said he was too busy to speak to me.
  6.   The man whom I respect most is my father.
  7.   The man whose opinions I respect most is my father.
  8.   I saw a lot of people and horses that went to market.
  9.   Tom has three sisters, all of whom are married.
  10. I recently went back to Paris, which is still as beautiful as a pearl.
  11. I recently went back to Paris, where I was born nearly 50 years ago.
  12. She is the most intelligent woman whom I’ve ever met.
  13. This doctor, whom you visited yesterday, is famous.
  14. Do you know the music which is being played on the radio?
  15. The police want to know the hotel where Mr. Foster stayed two weeks ago.
  16. You didn’t tell us the reason why we have to cut down our daily expenses.
  17. The day when she left was rainy.
  18. The reason why the president will come to that City hasn’t been told yet.
  19. Phuong Thao is the singer whose music you like best.
  20. She couldn’t come to the party, which is a pity.
  21. I’ve sent him two letters, neither of which he has received.
  22. That man, whose name I don’t remember, is an artist.
  23. The reason which you gave yesterday is not valid.
  24. We enjoyed the City where we spent our vacation.
  25. One of the elephants which we saw at the zoo had only one tusk.
  26. I looked at the moon which was very bright that evening.
  27. My father, whom you met this morning, goes swimming everyday.
  28. That car, whose engine is very good, belongs to Dr. Clark.
  29. In the class there are 48 students, only a few of whom the teacher knows.
  30. The pupils haven’t done their homework, which is too bad.
  31. We first met in 1945, when the revolution took place.
  32. The girl who won the race is happy.
  33. The taxi driver who took me to the airport is friendly.
  34. I liked the composition which you wrote.
  35. The people whom we visited yesterday were very nice.
  36. The meeting which I went to was interesting.
  37. The picture at which she was looking was beautiful.
  38. I apologized the woman whose coffee I spilled.
  39. The professor whose course I’m taking is excellent.
  40. The man whose wallet was stolen called the police.
  41. I have to call the man whose umbrella I accidentally picked up.
  42. The City where we spent our vacation was beautiful.
  43. That is the restaurant where I’ll meet you.
  44. The town where I grew up is small.
  45. I’ll never forget the day when I first met you.
  46. May is the month when the weather is usually the hottest.
  47. 7:30 is the time when my plane will arrive.
  48. Do you remember the year when the First World War ended?
  49. The man whose father is a botanist is a biologist.
  50. I love my parents’ house, where I was born.

Exercise 6:

  1.  The man about whom we are talking is a famous scientist.
  2.   The tree from which we picked these fruits is in front of the house.
  3.   The City in which we were born is very large.
  4.   Do you remember the day on which we first met?
  5.   The manager on whom we have all depended so much has just announced his retirement.
  6.   The officer to whom I spoke yesterday wasn’t very friendly.
  7.   The dog at which the boys threw stones was very frightened.
  8.   The road on which we are driving was built in 1980.
  9.   Did you see the letter which came yesterday morning?
  10. This is Rex Hotel, which is the biggest hotel in the City.

 

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